[leetcode] Add Digits


Add Digits

Given a non-negative integer num, repeatedly add all its digits until the result has only one digit.

For example:

Given num = 38, the process is like: 3 + 8 = 111 + 1 = 2. Since 2 has only one digit, return it.

Follow up:
Could you do it without any loop/recursion in O(1) runtime?

Hint:

  1. A naive implementation of the above process is trivial. Could you come up with other methods?
  2. What are all the possible results?
  3. How do they occur, periodically or randomly?
  4. You may find this Wikipedia article useful.

Credits:
Special thanks to @jianchao.li.fighter for adding this problem and creating all test cases.

There are only 9 possible results. They appear periodically in period of 9.

class Solution {
public:
    int addDigits(int num) {
        if(num == 0) return 0;
        num = num % 9;
        if(num == 0) num = 9;
        return num;
    }
};

Another trivial, but intuitive approach

class Solution{
    int addDigits(int num){
        int digit = 0;
        while(num > 0){
            digit += num % 10;
            digit = digit >= 10? digit - 9: digit;
            num /= 10;
        }
        return digit;
    }
};

 

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.